What is CBD and what can it do?
You probably want to know what is CBD (cannabidiol) oil and what can it do? What doesn’t it do? You’re likely here because someone told you to try CBD oil for pain, insomnia, anxiety, cancer, or another medical condition. Or you may be interested in trying it for everyday wellness, as a daily supplement. You may have a friend or relative that takes CBD and they said you should try it! Well like most people you want to know more about CBD before adding it to your daily supplement routine. Hopefully, this post will answer some of your questions and help you understand the many forms of CBD oil and their differences. By the end, you should feel equipped and ready to find a clean CBD oil with reliable potency.
what is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring compound found in the resinous flower of cannabis, a plant with a rich history as medicine going back thousands of years. Today the therapeutic properties of CBD are being tested and confirmed by scientists and doctors around the world. A safe, non-addictive substance, CBD is one of more than a hundred “phytocannabinoids,” which are unique to cannabis and endow the plant with its robust therapeutic profile.
CBD is closely related to another important medicinally active phytocannabinoid: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound that causes the high that cannabis is famous for. These are the two components of cannabis that have been most studied by scientists.
Both CBD and THC have significant therapeutic attributes. But unlike THC, CBD does not make a person feel “stoned” or intoxicated. That’s because CBD and THC act in different ways on different receptors in the brain and body.
CBD can actually lessen or neutralize the psychoactive effects of THC, depending on how much of each compound is consumed. Many people want the health benefits of cannabis without the high – or with less of a high.
The fact that CBD is therapeutically potent as well as non-intoxicating, and easy to take as a CBD oil, makes it an appealing treatment option for those who are cautious about trying cannabis for the first time.
how does CBD work?
CBD and THC interact with our bodies in a variety of ways. One of the main ways they impact us is by mimicking and augmenting the effects of the compounds in our bodies called “endogenous cannabinoids” – so named because of their similarity to the compounds found in the cannabis plant. These “endocannabinoids” are part of a regulatory system called the “endocannabinoid system”.
The discovery of the endocannabinoid system has significantly advanced our understanding of health and disease. It has major implications for nearly every area of medical science and helps to explain how and why CBD and THC are such versatile compounds – and why cannabis is such a widely consumed mood-altering plant, despite its illegal status.
WILL IT GET ME HIGH?
One question on your mind right now might be, will CBD oil get me high? The short answer is no, most will not. But that can depend on where you’re buying your CBD oil.
On its own, CBD is a non-impairing compound. Any CBD products you purchase online or at retailers like grocery and drug stores are required to contain less than 0.3% THC; that trace amount of THC will not result in detectable euphoric effects. You can purchase CBD that contains 0.3% THC or it is also available in 0% THC also.
Anyone who’s heard the recent hype about CBD may wonder what forms of CBD there are. CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound that comes from the cannabis plant. Though cannabis is marijuana, CBD doesn’t contain the THC component that provides a high. Instead, it’s used for a variety of therapeutic purposes such as relief of pain and anxiety. CBD comes in a variety of forms. Some are more effective than others. Here are some of the most common and useful types of CBD delivery.
Oils and Tinctures
CBD oil is made when cannabidiol is extracted from the cannabis plant and infused with a carrier oil such as coconut oil or hempseed oil. This is also known as a tincture. Oils and tinctures are liquids infused with herbs to be consumed. The most effective way to take CBD in this form is by placing drops directly under the tongue. It’s also possible to put them in food or beverage to be consumed.
According to Consumer Reports, another effective form of CBD use is through vaping. In vaping, the CBD comes in the form of “vape juice” placed in a device known as a pen. The user then inhales the product through the vape pen. Vaping, or inhaling the cannabidiol, works well in delivering CBD rapidly to the bloodstream.
Those who are sensitive to particular tastes or textures might prefer to take their CBD in the form of edibles. These are just as they sound. Edibles are foods infused with cannabidiol. Edibles are also easy to take on the go. They come in several forms of CBD. Some of the most popular are gummies, chocolates, caramels, and baked goods. Edibles are discreet and easy to take throughout the day for those who need to spread out higher dosages of CBD. Eating CBD edibles does take a bit longer to absorb into the bloodstream than some other methods. Typically, individuals can expect to feel effects approximately a half-hour after ingestion.
Cannabidiol products can be used topically to relieve pain. Balms, salves, creams, and lotions made with CBD oil can relieve pain such as aching muscles and joints. It may also be used to improve skin issues. These topical solutions are absorbed through the skin’s cannabinoid receptors to deliver effective relief to the targeted area. Many consider this to be one of the most natural and effective pain relief options around. It’s quite popular with athletes and others who wish to avoid prescription or chemical pain relief. Those with conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, and psoriasis may obtain relief through the use of CBD topical treatments.
These are some of the more common and respected ways to use CBD. Look for testimonials and research to find the most reputable products. Keep these suggestions in mind when considering what forms of CBD are there and choose the ones that best meet your lifestyle needs and preferences.
what are the types of CBD?
When it comes to CBD products, it’s common to find three basic types: full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate. Full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate all come from the cannabis plant, but while they may sound similar, there are some significant differences between the three. We’ll also discuss why it’s so important to understand the differences when you’re selecting a CBD product!
What is Full Spectrum CBD?
Let’s start with full-spectrum CBD. Full-spectrum CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant with all of the other compounds in the plant, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids. Because full spectrum CBD contains all of the plant’s compounds, that means it contains THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the part of the cannabis plant that causes psychoactive side effects.
While full spectrum CBD offers some health benefits, there are also some drawbacks. Because it contains THC, full-spectrum CBD may have psychoactive or sedative side effects. It may also show up on drug tests, and the THC content can result in legal ramifications depending on the laws of your home state. For those reasons, Nature’s Ultra does not use full-spectrum CBD in our products.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Now, let’s move on to broad-spectrum CBD. Its name may be a little confusing, as it sounds very similar to full-spectrum, but it’s different in a few key ways. Broad-spectrum CBD is CBD that has been extracted from the cannabis plant with all of the other compounds from the plant except for THC. That means it contains terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids from the plant. This should not result in psychoactive effects, but there is still more research to be done. And because there is no THC in broad-spectrum CBD, it shouldn’t show up on a drug test.
This might sound like a great place to start, but there are some drawbacks. For example, other cannabinoids besides THC and CBD may be introduced, and there is little to no data on their possible benefits or negative effects.
What is CBD Isolate?
Last but not least, let’s talk a little bit about CBD isolate. CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, and it’s exactly what it sounds like CBD that is isolated from other parts of the cannabis plant. It’s extracted from the plant with no other compounds or cannabinoids. That means there are no terpenes or essential oils in it. It also contains no THC, so it does not cause psychoactive side effects, and it will not show up on a drug test. It’s simply pure CBD. Of course, it’s important to remember that it also means that you do not get the full benefits of the essential oils that are part of broad-spectrum CBD.
what is 3rd party lab tested?
The goal behind independent third-party lab testing is to have a neutral, unbiased source to examine a company’s cannabis products. This is important in today’s market, as the non-regulated state of cannabis more or less allows manufacturers to slap labels on their products and then market and sell them however they please. (In case you were unaware, there are currently few FDA regulations on the CBD industry).
It is within a CBD company’s best interest to have their products third-party tested. This is despite the high cost. The average consumer nowadays can tell pretty quickly whether a brand is legit. They also can tell whether a company is selling something short of what’s being advertised. When they see that “third-party” label, they know they’re dealing with the former rather than the latter. Always check the labels on CBD products for a scan code to determine if the product has been 3rd party lab tested. The last thing you need to be spending your hard-earned money on is a CBD product that doesn’t contain any CBD. And given the current unregulated state of the industry, this is an all too easy mistake to make.
how much CBD should I take?
To help shed some light on nailing the right dosage, we checked in with Alex Capano, the Chief Science Officer for Ananda Hemp. As a Certified Registered Nurse Practitioner with the first doctorate in cannabinoid science in the United States, she’s an expert in the burgeoning field of CBD products.
Whether you’re a CBD newbie or you’ve been (literally) bathing in it for years, figuring out the ideal dose has been incredibly confusing—until now.
“The best practice and the industry standard for dosing is to guide new CBD users to ‘start low and go slow.’ This means starting at a dose of 10mg and slowly titrating up as needed by increasing the dose in 5mg increments every 2 to 3 days,” says Capano.
Ease up your dosage—then stop.
The dose-response curve looks like an inverted ‘U,’ or a bell-shaped curve, so the aim is to identify the peak of the individual’s response curve. “More is not always better!” emphasizes Capano. Therefore, you technically have to exceed your maximum dose to identify it. For example, if you felt the same or worse after adding 5mg, then return to the previous dose. This requires some effort and patience from the consumer. Dosing is highly individualized, and scientific evidence does not support weight-based dosing in adult humans at this time. “In my observation, however, most people will achieve their optimal dose between 10mg and 40mg daily with high quality, full-spectrum CBD oil,” she adds.
Here’s an example.
- Day 1: 10mg
- Day 2: 10mg
- Day 3: 10mg
- Day 4: 15mg (feels better than 10mg)
- Day 5: 15mg
- Day 6: 20mg (feels better than 15mg)
- Day 7: 20mg
- Day 8: 25 mg (does not feel different than 20mg…OR feels worse)
- Day 9: Return to 20mg. This is the optimal dose.
Try it before bed.
“I recommend people start using CBD at home, 1-2 hours before bedtime,” Capano says. The most common side effect is drowsiness, so if someone experiences this, then a nighttime dose will not compromise their safety or their productivity. Also, a night time dose will likely result in a good night’s sleep.
Tweak your dosage according to the type of CBD you’re using.
Lastly, dosing depends on the delivery route. You need less from a tincture that goes under the tongue (sublingual) than you would from an oral product, like a gummy or a capsule. This is because some of the active ingredients are lost to the GI tract by something called the first-pass metabolism when taken orally. Tinctures under the tongue bypass this route, and therefore you get more of the active ingredient (greater bioavailability) from sublingual delivery versus oral delivery.
There are many different types of CBD products available to the consumer and it’s relatively easy to tell if your CBD oil is real and actually contains CBD if you follow the tips outlined above. Knowing the terminology, reading the label and only buying products from CBD brands that provide third-party lab reports will help you ensure that you’ve purchased the real deal.